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Ploschad Revolyutsii 450 m, Teatralnaya 620 m, Kitay-gorod 700 m 2, Red Square
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Cathedral & Museum St. Basil's


Feast your eyes on architectural symbol of Moscow

daily: 10:00–19:00

Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos

This Cathedral was built in the middle of XVI century on the order of Ivan IV Vasilyevich known in English as Ivan the Terrible (1530 –1584) to honor taking over Khanate of Kazan.

In 1554, two years after taking over Khanate, Foundation of Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos was laid on the Red Square.

Initially here stood church made of white stones in the name of Life-giving Trinity where buried the most honored God's fool named Basil the Blessed (or Vasily Blazhenny). Church stood on the bank of river Moscow on the hill near trench which surrounded medieval Kremlin and was backfilled in XIX century.

Saint Basil

God’s fool from Moscow who was born in December of 1469 on the portico where his mother came to pray for “safe birth”.

Basil had a gift of insight which he found accidentally. When he turned sixteen and until his death he lived eccentric life, had no home or cloths, suffered great abasement, wore gives that still lie on his grave. Legend says about his teaching of honest life on his own example. He went naked all year round , slept under the open sky and kept fast.

Ivan the Terrible honored Saint Basil and even was afraid of him because “he was a prophet of hearts and thoughts of people”.

Fools of GodIn orthodox Christianity these class of people lived as ascetic mendicant friars. Fools of God assume the similitude of madness to criticize life in sin and to oppose it to way of God.

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Ploschad Revolyutsii 450 m, Teatralnaya 620 m, Kitay-gorod 700 m
Moscow, 2, Red Square

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