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Museum Historical Museum

The largest national historic museum in Russia

  • +7 (495) 692 40 19, 692 37 31 Tour Desk
Ohotnyiy ryad 260 m, Teatralnaya 290 m, Ploschad Revolyutsii 320 m Krasnaya sq 1/2
Moscow
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The largest national historic museum in Russia

Admission for adults — 250 rub.
Schoolchildren — 60 rub.
Students — 80 rub.

About the place

It is one of the biggest national historical museums in Russia; it stands on the Red Square in Moscow. Collection of museum reflects history and culture of Russia as a multicultural country from ancient times to present days. This collection is unique in its number of items and their value.

History of museum

It was founded on order of Alexander II (1818-1881) on February 21, 1872. Items of Crimean War became the initial part of the collection.
In April 1874, Moscow City Council gave a place on Red Square for construction site of the museum. Project of museum was chosen after the contest of museum building project and it was work of architect V. O. Shervud and engineer A. A. Semyonov. Interior of Suzdal Hall was made in accordance with project of architect P. S. Boitsov in 1890s. Equipment and decorations of reading hall in museum was made in 1911-1912 upon the project of architect Ilya Yevgrafovich Bondarenko.

In 1996, volume of museum collection reached 4,373,757 items. Museum became the biggest one in Russia. In 2008, staff of museum was awarded with “Symbol of Science” medal.

In 2006, Historical museum finished work regarding constant exposition. On two floors in 39 halls you can see history of Russia from ancient times to beginning of XX century. Exposition starts on the second floor. It is devoted to primitive society, ancient Russia, fragmentation, wars with foreign intruders, union of regions in Russia, culture, exploration of Siberia. On the third floor you can learn about Russia from the epoch of Peter I: politics, culture, economy of Russian Empire.

Area — 4,000 square meters
Exposition — 4,500,000 items and 15,000,000 documents.

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